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高考记叙文的记叙顺序有几种 作用是什么?
日照春季高考培训学校【状元】万智春考学校报名处   作者:admin   来源:未知   时间:2019-01-08   访问量:
高考记叙文的记叙顺序有几种 作用是什么?
 
 
记叙顺序一、顺叙
 
  这是一种最基本、最常用的叙述方式,它是按照事情发生、发展和结局的时间顺序来叙述的。运用这种叙述方式可以使课文的段落层次跟事情发展的过程基本一致,便于我们理解课文内容。如第九册中的《日出》就运用了这种叙述方式,描写了日出之前、日出之时、日出之后不同阶段的景象,脉络清晰,行文流畅、自然。
 
  记叙文顺序写法作用
 
  采用顺叙,能使文章的层次同事件发展的过程基本一致,容易把事件记叙得有头有尾,脉络清晰。顺叙的方法可分为以下几种:一是完全按时间顺序记叙。如《老山界》一文,就是按照时间(当天下午——天黑——当天夜里——第二天黎明——第二天下午两点——两点以后)的推移,记叙了红军翻越老山界的过程;二是以地点的转换为顺序来叙述事件,如《藤野先生》一文,就是从作者到东京开始写起,再写到仙台后与藤野先生相处中的几件事,最后写离开仙台后对藤野先生的怀念与崇敬;三是以事情的内在逻辑联系为序来叙述事件。如《谁是最可爱的人》中,作者用三个事例,从三个方面歌颂了志愿军的高贵品质。第一个事例重在表现志愿军战士对敌人的无比仇恨,第二个事例表现志愿军对朝鲜人民的热爱,第三个事例则展示了志愿军崇高的精神境界。这三个事例由表及里、由浅入深地告诉读者,志愿军是最可爱的人。在叙述一个事例时,由于时间变化与空间地点的转换顺序往往是一致的,所以在一篇文章中常常是几种顺叙的方法兼而有之。
 
  记叙顺序二、倒叙
 
  将事情的结局或某个最重要或突出的片断提到前面叙述,然后再按照事情的发展顺序,进行叙述。倒叙并不是将整件事情,从结局到开头的发展顺序的倒转,而是将事情中的某个部分提前来叙述,属于是局部的“倒插”。倒叙的运用常常会设置悬念,增强文章的生动性,使文章引人入胜。
 
  如第九册中的《我的伯父鲁迅先生》就是先写伯父去世时悼念活动之隆重,参加人数之多,设置悬念:为什么伯父会得到这么多人的尊重?然后再回忆伯父在世时发生的几件事,使我们了解了他的伟大品格,这样通过倒叙的运用,抽丝剥茧,一步步解开疑惑。
 
  记叙文倒叙写法作用
 
  倒叙能造成悬念,增强文章的吸引力,使文章引人入胜。我们读过不少倒叙的文章,如《一件珍贵的衬衫》、《一件小事》、《回忆我的母亲》、《记一辆纺车》等。使用倒叙方法应注意的是:文章开头交代了事件的结局后,要转回到事件的开头,从起因写起;在叙述完事件的经过后,还要回到结局上来,这样才能首尾相合、结构完整。
 
  记叙顺序三、插叙
 
  在对中心事件的正常的叙述过程中,插入一些有关的内容,然后再接着叙述原来的内容。运用这种记叙顺序,主要起补充、衬托的作用,使文章中心思想更加鲜明。
 
  如第五册中的《中彩那天》,母亲的叙述部分就运用了插叙,将父亲买彩票但没有中奖的过程进行了补充说明,揭开了父亲中奖时神情严肃的原因,并解开了我的疑惑。巧妙地运用插叙,使文章叙述事情更加完整。
 
  记叙文插叙写法作用
 
  1、结合本段内容回答,交代…………内容 2、联系上文回答,揭示…………原因 3、联系下文回答,推动…………情节往下发展4、联系全文回答,对情节起补充作用,丰富文章内容,使人物形象更丰富,使情节更曲折,使中心更突出,吸引读者,激发阅读兴趣
 
  除了顺叙、倒叙、插叙这三种主要的记叙顺序外,还有补叙、分叙等。有途网小编现在这里给同学们介绍这三种主要的记叙顺序,明确文章的记叙顺序,对我们抓住文章线索、理清文章脉络、理解文章内容有一定的帮助。
 
 
Narrative Sequence I. Parallel Narration
 
This is the most basic and common way of narration, which is described in the chronological order of events'occurrence, development and ending. The use of this narrative method can make the paragraph level of the text basically consistent with the development of the process, so that we can understand the content of the text. For example, the Ninth Book of Sunrise uses this narrative method to describe the different stages before, at and after sunrise, with clear context, fluent and natural writing.
 
The Function of Narrative Sequence Writing
 
The use of narrative sequence can make the development process of different levels of the article basically consistent, and it is easy to narrate the events with a head and a tail, and the context is clear. The methods of narrative can be divided into the following: first, narrative in complete chronological order. For example, the passage of "Laoshan Border" describes the process of the Red Army's crossing over the old mountain border according to the time (that afternoon - Darkness - that night - that day - the dawn of the next day - two o'clock in the afternoon - after two o'clock in the next day). The second is to narrate the events in the order of place conversion, such as "Mr. Fujino", which begins from the author to Tokyo, then to Sendai Hou and Sendai. Mr. Fujino got along with several things, and finally wrote the memory and reverence of Mr. Fujino after leaving Sendai. Third, it narrated the events in the order of the internal logical connection of the events. For example, in Who is the Lovely Man, the author uses three examples to praise the noble qualities of the volunteers from three aspects. The first case focuses on showing the enormous hatred of the volunteer soldiers against the enemy, the second case shows the volunteer army's love for the Korean people, and the third case shows the lofty spiritual realm of the volunteer army. These three examples tell readers from the surface to the inside, from the shallow to the deep, that the volunteer army is the most lovely person. When describing an example, there are several narrative methods in an article, because the order of time change and space place change is often the same.
 
Narrative Sequence II. Recursion
 
Refer to the end of the event or the most important or prominent part of the story, and then describe it in the order in which it develops. Recalling is not a reversal of the whole thing, from the end to the beginning of the development sequence, but a part of the story to be described in advance, belonging to the local "inversion". The use of flashbacks often sets suspense, enhances the vividness of the article and makes it attractive.
 
For example, "My uncle, Mr. Lu Xun" in Book 9 is to first write about the grand memorial activities of uncle when he died, with a large number of participants, and set up a suspense: Why did Uncle receive so much respect? Then recall several things happened in uncle's life, so that we can understand his great character, so that through the use of flashback, we can strip the cocoon, and step by step solve the doubts.
 
The Function of Narrative Retrospective Writing
 
Recalling can create suspense, enhance the attraction of the article and make the article attractive. We have read a lot of back-reading articles, such as A Precious Shirt, A Little Thing, Memorizing My Mother, Memorizing a Spinning Wheel and so on. It should be noted that after the beginning of the article tells the end of the event, it should turn back to the beginning of the event, starting from the cause; after the narration of the event, it should return to the end, so as to match the end and complete the structure.
 
Narrative Sequence III. Interpolation
 
In the normal narrative process of the central event, insert some relevant content, and then narrate the original content. Using this narrative order, it mainly plays a supplementary and foil role, and makes the article more distinct.
 
For example, on the day of winning the lottery in Volume 5, the mother's narrative part uses the narrative to supplement the process of his father's buying the lottery ticket but not winning the lottery, revealing the reason why his father was serious when winning the lottery, and solving my doubts. Skillfully use narrative interpolation to make the narrative more complete.
 
The Function of Narrative Interpolation
 
1. Answer in conjunction with the content of this paragraph and explain... Content 2. Connect with the answer above to reveal... Reason 3. Connect with the answer below to promote... Develop the plot downwards 4. Connect with the full text answer, play a supplementary role to the plot, enrich the content of the article, enrich the image of the characters, make the plot more tortuous, make the center more prominent, attract readers, and stimulate reading interest.
 
In addition to the three main narrative order of narrative sequence: narrative sequence, narrative sequence and narrative sequence, there are supplementary narrative, sub-narrative and so on. Here we introduce the three main narrative orders to the students. It is helpful for us to grasp the clues, clarify the context and understand the content of the article.
 
 
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